Traction refers to the set of mechanical and manual mechanisms for straightening broken bones or relieving pressure on the spine and skeletal system.

There are a number of medically accepted uses for spinal traction, which include:

  • mobilization of soft tissues or joints
  • decompression of pinched nerve roots
  • reduction of herniated intervertebral discs
  • postural correction
  • management of cervical spine instability

There are various mechanisms and devices that deliver traction in a comfortable manner to the back, neck, and extremities.

The purpose of traction is to regain normal length and alignment of involved bone, to reduce and immobilize a fractured bone, to lessen or eliminate muscle spasms, to relieve pressure on nerves (especially spinal), to prevent or reduce skeletal deformities or muscle contractures.